After the 1967 Six Day War, when Israel prevented an attempt by surrounding Arab nations to destroy it militarily, the United Nations Security Council prepared a carefully-worded resolution to guide the parties. Since then, U.N. Resolution 242 has been invoked as the centerpiece for negotiation efforts, including the Israeli-Egyptian Camp David Accords, the Oslo Accords and the Road Map peace plan.
But while many sources correctly describe the wording and intent of Resolution 242, others have misrepresented it as requiring Israel to return to the pre-1967 lines - the armistice lines established after Israel's War of Independence.
Such an interpretation was explicitly not the intention of the framers of 242, nor does the language of the resolution include any such requirement.
Sometimes, the misrepresentations are redressed, as was the case when the New York Times and others corrected errors about the resolution. In other cases, inaccurate characterizations still await formal correction, as is the case with Jimmy Carter's repeated distortion of the resolution in his book, Palestine: Peace not Apartheid.
We have gathered statements by the main drafters of Resolution 242 - Lord Caradon, Eugene Rostow, Arthur Goldberg and Baron George-Brown - as well as others, which clarify the meaning and history of Resolution 242 are explained. [more...]
Security Council Resolution 242 According to its Drafters - CAMERA January 15, 2007